The later stages of cataracts will cause significant issues with vision. In addition, it becomes visibly noticeable, appearing as a milky white spot on the lens, meaning it can also be seen by other people looking at you. If the whole lens becomes clouded over then it will cause major problems with reading, watching TV, and driving.
The key to successful cataract treatment is early diagnosis and then treatment at the correct time. The best time to undergo cataract surgery is before the disease becomes too advanced. Once a cataract is affecting your daily life, this is usually the correct time for the procedure to be carried out. During the early stages, the condition is often managed with prescription lenses and polarized sunglasses. This allows breathing time for you to come to terms with undergoing a surgical procedure and discussing your choices with your cataract surgeon. It’s important to understand that if you allow a cataract to progress unchecked then, once it reaches the late—or advanced—stage, it becomes more difficult to treat. Therefore, the condition is most commonly dealt with before this happens. Happily, cataract surgery is highly successful, quick, and carried out on thousands of people per day. The procedure involves numbing the eye and making a tiny incision, breaking down the lens of the eye, suctioning it out, and replacing it with an artificial lens.
This is known as an Intraocular lens, or IOL. The procedure is painless and generally carried out on an outpatient basis. This means you return home the same day. In fact, the whole process usually takes less than an hour. Full recovery is usually fast, taking just a few weeks. Improvement in vision can be quite dramatic. Depending on the type of IOL you choose and the quality of your vision, you may even be able to live a life free from eyeglasses after a cataract operation.