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Cataract Surgery 
Treatment Options

Advanced techniques in laser cataract surgery bring a new level of precision and accuracy to cataract treatment. Our practice invests in state-of-the-art technology enabling us to identify, diagnose and treat eye conditions with surgical precision.

While traditional methods are still used, the technological advancements in laser surgery offer many benefits, making it a very popular choice for those looking to undergo the procedure. 

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Laser Cataract Surgery

Laser Cataract Surgery is one of the most common and safest procedures performed today. Both the technology and methodology continue to improve with each new advancement. However, as eye technology, techniques, and practices advance, it can be hard to know the difference between the different types of cataract surgery available to patients today.

Laser cataract surgery is a procedure that’s carried out to remove a diseased lens and replace it with an artificial one. The laser replaces the traditional hand-held blade to optimize all incisions for enhanced, reproducible surgical performance. This breakthrough technology provides the surgeon with real-time three-dimensional visualization for true customization of your lens replacement procedure.  The procedure involves making a small incision in the cornea of the eye, breaking down the existing lens with ultrasound, and suctioning it out.  The new lens is called an Intraocular Lens, or IOL.The IOL is inserted and the incision is closed using an advanced, self-healing liquid.

The First 24 hours
You may want to sleep on your return home. It’s important not to undertake any exercise or strenuous activity. The feeling should start to return to the eye within a few hours of surgery. However, your vision may not yet fully return.
Days 2 - 7
You will most likely have a follow-up appointment with the surgeon during this period to check that there are no complications, and the healing process is progressing as expected. You’ll have been given eye drops when you left the clinic. These help reduce inflammation, prevent infection, and stimulate the healing process. As long as you feel able to, it’s OK to resume driving.
Weeks 2 - 6
Your eye will gradually adapt to the new lens and any side effects should slowly improve and eventually disappear completely. If you need new glasses, then once the healing process is complete—at around the 6-week mark—you’ll be able to have an eye test and order your new prescription.
Week 6 onwards
 The healing process should be complete, and you can resume all your usual activities.

Traditional Vs. Laser Cataract Surgery

Traditional cataract surgery requires the surgeon to make a tiny incision on the side of the eye’s cornea with a small scalpel to remove the cloudy lens. A small probe is inserted in the eye that breaks the lens into pieces using ultrasonic energy and a second probe sucks out the pieces. Through the incision, an artificial lens is inserted and moved into place. While it is generally considered extremely safe and accurate, there is a small margin for error and complications due to the manual nature of the process.

Laser cataract surgery uses the precision and accuracy of an image-guided laser versus relying on the eye surgeon’s steadiness of hand. Special software is used to create 3-D images of the eye, precisely mapping the location, length and depth of the cataract. The technology used in laser cataract surgery can facilitate greater accuracy, precision, and safety during the process. This will minimize many of the risks associated with the procedure.

ADVANTAGES OF LASER CATARACT SURGERY: THE NEW STANDARD
  • Laser cataract surgery is faster: The computerized charting of the eye and its internal structures makes the procedure quicker to perform.
  • Laser cataract surgery is more precise: The highly intricate mapping carried out by computer makes for more consistent and accurate positioning of the IOL.
  • More advanced IOLs can be used: There are different types of IOLs. Premium lenses can only be used if the procedure is carried out by laser. The type that best suits you will be determined by both your lifestyle and expectations.
  • Astigmatism can be treated at the same time: The laser can also be used to reshape the cornea, meaning that you can have the two treatments during the same procedure.

INTRAOCULAR LENSES (IOLS)

At the time of the removal of your cataract, your surgeon will replace it with an artificial lens. More than ever before, cataract patients can enjoy an incredibly wide selection of intraocular lenses (IOLs), the advanced lens implants that bring life into clear focus after cataract surgery. These plastic IOLs, originally designed only to efficiently imitate the eye’s natural lenses, now provide capabilities that transcend the limitations of the cataract-clouded lenses they replace.

There are a variety of IOLs to choose from. Which is best for you will depend on many different factors, such as the quality of your vision and your lifestyle. The best IOL for you will be discussed with your surgeon before treatment. Some, such as EDOF and multifocal, are not suitable if you have other eye conditions. Some are better for those with astigmatism (toric), and others are better for those who don’t frequently drive at night (monofocal). It’s vital to be frank and honest about your expectations so that your surgeon can help you decide which will be the best lens choice for your situation.

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Cataract Surgery Complications

Both traditional and laser cataract surgery are commonly carried out procedures with an extremely high level of success. The advantages of laser over traditional include that it further reduces a relatively common post-surgery complication known as Posterior Capsule Opacity (PCO). This is where some cells remain that cause vision to become cloudy once again. However, there is a very simple procedure to combat this, known as a Laser Capsulotomy. 
Laser cataract surgery also reduces the already very low risk of postoperative complications, such as infection, bleeding, and lens dislocation. It’s normal to have a short recovery period after laser cataract surgery where you might have slight discomfort. This can include itching or a mild ache. This is completely normal and can be treated with over-the-counter analgesia or your surgeon may prescribe you some eye drops.

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